THE THEMATIC PLAN WILL BE TAKEN FROM THE DISCIPLINE "INFECTIOUS DISEASES". VI COURSE. 2022-2023 academic year

Class number

Topic of practical classes

Duration (hours)

1.1

Epidemiological, pathogenetic and clinical features of intestinal infections. Place of infectious diseases with fecal-oral transmission mechanism in the structure of infectious diseases. Modern methods of laboratory diagnostics. Indications for hospitalization and rules for discharge of patients from an infectious hospital. Rules for keeping medical records.

2

1.2

Diarrhea syndrome. Diagnosis and treatment of intestinal infections Diarrheal syndrome: etiology, pathogenesis, classification depending on the type of interaction micro- and macroorganism, clinical features, laboratory diagnostics. Differential diagnosis of acute infectious and non-infectious diarrhea (poisoning with mushrooms, heavy salts metals, exacerbation of chronic diseases of the digestive system, acute gynecological and surgical diseases).

2

1.3

Concept of enterotoxigenic and enteroinvasive diarrheas. Salmonellosis, food toxic infections caused by opportunistic flora, escherichia, cholera, intestinal yersiniosis, campylobacteriosis, shigellosis. Scheme of diagnosis and treatment. Emergency conditions in the case of acute diarrheal syndrome in infectious disease practice

2

2.4

Intestinal protozoa. Features of the clinic, diagnostics, treatment. Amoebiasis, clinical course of extraintestinal amoebiasis, features of laboratory diagnostics. Balantidiasis, classification, clinical course, laboratory diagnosis, complications. Giardiasis, features of the course, laboratory diagnosis. Differential diagnosis. Indications for hospitalization, rules for discharge of patients from an infectious hospital. Modern methods of treatment, medical assistance to patients at the pre-hospital stage. Principles of prevention.

2

2.5

Helminth infections: classification, principles of treatment. Nematodes. Cestodosiasis. Trematodoses.Nematodes (enterobiosis, ascariasis, trichocephalosis, trichinellosis, strongyloidiasis). Cestodoses (teniosis/cysticercosis, teniarynchosis, hymenolepidosis, echinococcosis). Trematodoses (opisthorchosis).

2

2.6

Differential diagnosis of chronic diarrheal syndrome in the clinic of infectious diseases. Differential diagnosis of infectious diseases with diarrhea syndrome with chronic diseases of the digestive system.

2

3.7

Acute viral hepatitis with fecal-oral transmission mechanism (A, E). Viral hepatitis with a fecal-oral infection mechanism (VGA, VGE), features of the clinical course, laboratory diagnostics. Treatment. Peculiarities of the course of VGE in pregnant women. Prevention of VHA and VGE.

2

3.8

Acute viral hepatitis with a contact and vertical mechanism of transmission (B, C, D, mixed hepatitis). Features of the course of acute forms. Peculiarities of the clinical course, assessment of laboratory and instrumental indicators. Treatment.

2

3.9

Differential diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis. Complications of acute viral hepatitis. Chronic hepatitis. Differential diagnosis of acute viral hepatitis. Diagnostic features of the fulminant course of viral hepatitis. Acute hepatic encephalopathy: basics of clinical and laboratory diagnosis, features of treatment, emergency care for patients at the pre-hospital stage. Chronic viral hepatitis. Diagnostics. Treatment.

2

4.10

Features of the clinical course of infectious diseases accompanied by jaundice. Leptospirosis, tropical malaria, sepsis, yersiniosis and pseudotuberculosis, infectious mononucleosis, amoebic hepatitis and liver abscess, toxocarosis, acute opisthorchosis, fasciolosis, echinococcosis and alveococcosis..

2

4.11

Peculiarities of the epidemiological history and diagnosis of infectious diseases accompanied by jaundice.The role of epidemiological history in the clinical diagnosis of this kind of infectious diseases. Basic diagnostic algorithms. Interpretation of research results. The concept of the modern distribution of jaundice by species.

2

4.12

Differential diagnosis of infectious diseases accompanied by jaundice. Clinical features of various types of jaundice, the course of the most common non-infectious diseases with jaundice, their differential diagnosis with infectious diseases that occur with jaundice. and non-infectious jaundice (drug-induced, toxic hepatitis, alcoholic liver disease, non-alcoholic steatohepatosis, cholestatic jaundice, suprahepatic jaundice).

2

5.13

Infectious diseases with an airborne mechanism of transmission in the structure of infectious pathology. Epidemiological, pathogenetic and clinical features of infectious diseases of the respiratory tract. Procedure for hospitalization, examination and discharge of patients. Peculiarities of maintaining medical documentation. Diphtheria. Meningococcal infection. Features of diagnosis and treatment.

2

5.14

Influenza, parainfluenza, MS infection, adenovirus infection, coronavirus infection. Herpesvirus infections. Features of the modern epidemiological and clinical course. Characteristics of the pandemic process. Features of laboratory diagnostics, differential diagnosis, complications, prognosis. Modern methods of treating patients. Principles of immunoprophylaxis. Evaluation of specific and non-specific preventive measures. Medical care for patients at the pre-hospital stage. The role of animal and bird influenza viruses in human pathology, features of the epidemiological process and the clinical course of zoonotic influenza. Concepts of "ARI" and "ARVI".

2

5.15

Differential diagnosis of infectious diseases accompanied by acute respiratory syndrome. Respiratory mycoplasmosis, ornithosis, legionellosis, SARS. The role and place of the causative agent of tuberculosis in lesions of the respiratory tract. Approaches to the differential diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis. Features of treatment of atypical pneumonia. Medical assistance for emergency conditions related to respiratory infections.

2

6.16

The main features of diagnosis, treatment and prevention of infections with a transmissible transmission mechanism. The place of infectious diseases with a transmissible transmission mechanism in the structure of infectious pathology. Peculiarities of laboratory diagnostics, differential diagnosis, complications, treatment, emergency care. General characteristics of rickettsioses. Epidemic typhus. Brill-Zinser's disease. Endemic typhus. Ku fever. Marseille fever. Clinic. Diagnostics. Treatment. Indications for hospitalization, rules for discharge from an infectious hospital.

2

6.17

Malaria: modern features of the epidemic process and clinical course. Leishmaniasis. The problem of tropical malaria. Features of laboratory diagnostics, differential diagnosis, complications. Modern methods of treatment, medical care for patients at the pre-hospital stage, treatment tactics for complicated forms of tropical malaria, its cerebral form. Indications for examination for malaria. General and individual prevention of malaria. Classification of leishmaniasis. Principles of diagnosis and treatment.

2

6.18

Arbovirus infections and their role in clinical pathology. Tick-borne encephalitis. Ixodic tick-borne borreliosis. Classification, diagnosis and treatment of tick-borne encephalitis, Japanese encephalitis, ixod tick-borne borreliosis. Pappatachi fever, features of the clinical course. The concept of hemorrhagic fevers. The main clinical syndromes of Marburg fever, Ebola, Lassa, dengue, Congo-Crimea, with renal syndrome. Features of laboratory diagnostics, principles of treatment.

2

7.19

Etiology, epidemiology and pathogenesis of HIV infection, classification of disease stages. Prevalence, risk groups. Morphology of the pathogen. The main pathogenic properties of HIV. Clinical classification of disease stages. Criteria for establishing the stage of the disease. The main differences and problems of disease progression. The diagnosis criteria are large and small. Clinical picture of HIV infection.

2

7.20

AIDS. Basic clinical criteria. General characteristics of opportunistic infections. Criteria for establishing the terminal stage of HIV infection. Types of opportunistic diseases. Classification. Main clinical aspects, features of diagnosis and treatment. Primary and secondary lesions of the CNS and PNS in HIV-infected patients. Tuberculosis as an AIDS indicator disease. TORCH infections. Toxoplasmosis.

2

7.21

Diagnosis of HIV infection. Principles and approaches to the treatment of patients with HIV infection. Methods of nonspecific and specific diagnosis of HIV infection. Stages, methods of conducting laboratory diagnostics. Types of specific diagnostics. Indication. Non-specific diagnostics (risk criteria). General characteristics of drug groups used in the treatment of HIV infection. HAART.

2

8.22

Differential diagnosis of wound infections (rabies, tetanus, distemper, felinosis, sodoku). Rabies: features of the clinical course, diagnostics, differential diagnosis. Principles of treatment, medical care for patients at the pre-hospital stage. Emergency prevention of animal bites. Tetanus: features of the course, diagnosis, complications. Principles of treatment, medical care for patients at the pre-hospital stage. Emergency prevention of tetanus. Erythema: peculiarities of the course of various clinical forms, diagnosis, differential diagnosis, complications, prognosis. Felinosis: features of the course, differential diagnosis. Features of treatment. Disease from a rat bite: sodoku and streptobacillosis: features of the clinical course, treatment

2

8.23

Peculiarities of clinical course, diagnostics, principles of treatment of plague, tularemia, anthrax.Peculiarities of the clinical course, diagnosis of plague, tularemia, anthrax. Medical assistance to patients at the pre-hospital stage. Features of treatment.

2

8.24

Infectious diseases regulated by International Health Regulations. Quarantine infections.Infectious diseases regulated by International Health Regulations. Quarantine infections. Especially dangerous infections (plague, tularemia, anthrax): peculiarities of the clinical picture, diagnosis, treatment, prevention.

2

25

FINAL MODUL. Modular control: test questions, situational tasks (written work), practical skills.

2

See the schedule of exercises and consultations (educational process)

Last Updated (Saturday, 17 September 2022 05:27)